March 22, Kathmandu: Rout fixing work has begun to climb Mount Everest for the spring season. According to Lama Kaji Sherpa, vice-chairman of the Sagarmatha Pollution Control Committee (SPCC), an icefall doctor has been appointed to fix a route up to the second camp of Everest. Sherpa said eight experienced icefall doctors had been deployed to fix the route and they had started work on Sunday.

The SPCC, in collaboration with the Department of Tourism, has been working since 2054 BS to fix the route up to the second camp of Everest. Above the second camp, the climbing agency fixes the route. The structure changes every year until the second camp, which has a lot of glaciers and snow pits. Sherpa said that a new route should be constructed to look for a possible route. Materials such as ladders and ropes are used to make the route.

This is how the route to Everest is built

About a month before the start of the mountaineering season, the SPCC assigns an icefall doctor. Before starting to fix the route, the team starts worshiping at the base camp of Everest. Mountainous communities consider Mount Everest and other mountains to be God. So they worship to avoid problems at work. It is customary to worship according to the Buddhist tradition before climbing the mountains. Climber Mingmar Sherpa says that he apologizes and asks for strength before stepping on the mountain while performing pooja.

Everest puja
Image source: Sagarmatha Pollution Control Committee

Work begins after the camp is set up in a suitable location. Climbers say that they need to be very careful in identifying where to stay in the base camp because of problems such as snowfall and avalanches. Route construction begins with advice on where to prepare the route. Routes are built using ropes and ladders where necessary. The Route construction team stays in the base camp for three months and even repairs the route as needed. On the way to the second camp, there are many glaciers, so they have to find a way every year and repair it in the same season. After a season of climbing, the icefall doctors remove the rope, ladder, and other materials.

Materials used for constructing routes in the mountains

The journey to the mountains is very risky. Even a small mistake can be fatal, but it can also lead to many problems along the way. The main materials used to construct routes in the mountains are as follows:

Image source: Sagarmatha Pollution Control Committee
  1. Rope: According to ice fall doctor, the most important material needed to make a route in the mountains is rope.The Sagarmatha Pollution Control Committee has stated that the route is built in the mountains using high quality ropes mostly brought from abroad.According to the statistics so far, five thousand five hundred meters of rope has been used to build the route from the base camp to the second camp.
  2. Ladder:Most of the time, a rope is hung on a hill, while a ladder is used in a horizontal position.In some hilly places, even in difficult places, ladders are placed.Ladders are used to cross snow pits and broken roads.Kancha Shepa, a member of the first group of climbers, says that the ladder of the tree was used while climbing Mt. Everest for the first time.Nowadays, icefall doctors say that light and strong ladders made of metal are used.Along with the ladder, the rope is also hung as required.As landslides and avalanches continue to occur in the mountains every year, ladders are used as needed.According to SPCC Secretary General Lama Kaji Sherpa, out of the 32 ladders used in 2018, only 20 were used in the construction of the road to the second camp.The number of ladders varies according to the condition of the route.Icefall doctors say that there is a lot of risk involved in keeping the ladder.
  3. Ice screw and nail: Ice screws and snow bolts are essential materials in the mountain.An ice screw is a small type of shovel used for burying snow.A rope is hung in the snow to support it.Snow bolts need to be fastened.
  4. Clothes: The weather in the mountains changes instantly.Climbers report adverse weather conditions can occur within minutes.Snow and strong winds continue.Icefall doctors says that theyneed clothes to work in spite of adverse weather conditions.
Image source: Sagarmatha Pollution Control Committee
route f
Image source: Sagarmatha Pollution Control Committee